Tuesday, May 25, 2010

robinson crusoe themes

Friday is dedicated to Crusoe, the man who saves
him from being eaten by the cannibals.
The second English ship’s captain is grateful
to Crusoe for rescuing him from the mutineers.

Power and Control
Crusoe lives on the deserted island for twenty-eight years.
He makes it his comfortable home. He has control over Nature there.
During his rescue of Friday, he kills a cannibal. A grateful Friday
is willing to be his slave. Crusoe teaches Friday to speak in
English and about his religious beliefs. Thus, Crusoe has power over Friday.
Crusoe is viewed as owner and lord of the island. Crusoe is also
able to bring peace between the Spanish and the English
living on the island. He divides the island between the two
groups and this proves his control over the island and its inhabitants.

Faith in God
Robinson Crusoe has great faith in God. He does not give up
hope when he is shipwrecked and finds himself all alone
on a deserted island. His faith that God will sustain him
through the many trials in life keeps him going.
Crusoe says, ‘All… God for an answer.” (p. 41, para. 3)
Crusoe’s strong belief in God is also seen when he teaches
Friday about the goodness and power that comes with having faith in God.

Good versus Evil
Robinson Crusoe shows that good triumphs over
evil when he helps Friday to escape from the cannibals.
Crusoe also teaches Friday about God’s
goodness and how it triumphs over the Devil’s evilness.
The mutineers who are disloyal to their captain are
finally overcome by the ‘good’ forces of Crusoe and Friday.
Courage and Determination

Robinson Crusoe’s parents want him to become a lawyer but Crusoe is

determined to become a sailor. He leaves home without his parents’

blessing and works hard to become a good sailor.

He shows great courage when he escapes from his Turkish master.

He ensures he has guns and food before he escapes.

When he is shipwrecked on a deserted island, Crusoe overcomes great

obstacles to survive. He struggles alone in order to carry food, equipment

and other materials from the ship so that he can make a life for himself until

he is rescued. He builds two homes, a raft and a canoe. He is also able to

make tools and plant enough food for himself and his companions.

He shows great courage when he saves Friday, Friday’s father, the Spaniard

and the second English sea captain. He does all this

at the risk of being captured and eaten by the cannibals!

Importance of Hard Work

It is important to work hard as this makes you disciplined and successful

in life. Robinson Crusoe is a good example of a man who is fearless,

positive and hard-working. Instead of complaining about his fate,

he looks at the situation and does what is needed to make the situation

better. For example, he salvages useful items from the sinking ship,

makes a canoe and safe shelters for himself, and hunt for food.

He creates a comfortable life for himself and is able to survive on

the island for twenty-eight years.

Friendship and Loyalty

Humans need friendship and good relationships with others.

When Crusoe runs away to London, he makes friends with

a ship’s captain who grows to like and trust him. He teaches

Crusoe mathematics and navigation until Crusoe becomes a good sailor.

Crusoe is a friendly and sociable person. The captain invites

Crusoe to go with him to Guinea, thus starting Crusoe’s involvement

in business and sailing. Crusoe also makes many friends while farming in Brazil.

When Crusoe gets shipwrecked on the island, he is desolate

and miserable. Deprived of human company, he finds comfort

and companionship with two dogs he rescues from the shipwreck,

the parrot and the cats.

During his twenty-fifth year on the island, he manages to

save a savage from a group of cannibals who land on the island.

This man is so grateful that he wants to be Crusoe’s slave.

However, Crusoe prefers him to be a friend. Crusoe teaches

him to eat animal flesh, speak English and share his religious beliefs.

Friday, as Crusoe calls him, becomes his faithful companion and friend.

Crusoe also becomes a friend to the Spanish and English mutineers

who were left on the island. He solves their disputes

and helps them to form friendships with each other.

Relationship with Nature

Humans are part of Nature and, therefore, should live and work

harmony with Nature. Crusoe is a man at peace with Nature.

He loves the sea and the outdoors. So when he is marooned

on the island and finds himself alone with only Nature

as his companion, he adapts easily.

He is quick to use things from Nature to help him survive.

He uses the trees and plants to build himself a canoe and

homes, ant to provide him with food.

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

antonyms and synonyms..

Antonyms are words with opposites meaning.
Synonyms are word with same meaning.


Analogy (from Greek "ἀναλογία" - analogia, "proportion"[1][2]) is a cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy.


Imperatives are verbs used to give orders, commands and instructions. The form used is usually the same as the base form. It is one of the three moods of an English verb. Imperatives should be used carefully in English; to give firm orders or commands, but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person.

Idiomatic expressions

An idiomatic expression are common phrases or sayings whose meanings cannot be understood by the individual words or elements.
Examples of these idioms are "Baker's Dozen", "Funny Farm" and "Cold War".
Idiomatic expressions are also non-standard speech, slang or dialect that are natural to native speakers of a language.
Examples of these idioms are "Apples and Pears" for stairs and "Ruby Murray' for curry


an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun, giving more information about the noun or pronoun's referent. Collectively, adjectives form one of the traditional English eight parts of speech, though linguists today distinguish adjectives from words such as determiners that also used to be considered adjectives.